Piano Trios

Appert, Robert
1925–2016
Trio für Klavier, Violine und Violoncello (ca. 1983)
Allegro
Alla marcia funebre
Presto
Arensky, Anton
1861–1906
Trio no.1 in d minor, op.32 (1894)
Allegro moderato
Scherzo: Allegro molto
Elegia: Adagio
Finale: Allegro non troppo
Beethoven, Ludwig van
1770 – 1827
Trio in E-flat major, op.1 no.1 (1793/94)
Allegro
Adagio cantabile
Scherzo: Allegro assai
Finale: Presto

Trio in G major, op.1 no.2 (1793/94)
Adagio – Allegro vivace
Largo con espressione
Scherzo: Allegro
Finale: Presto

Trio in c minor, op.1 no.3 (1793/94)
Allegro con brio
Andante cantabile con Variazioni
Menuetto: Quasi Allegro
Finale: Prestissimo

Trio in B-flat major “Gassenhauer”, op.11 (1798)
Allegro con brio
Adagio
Thema: Pria ch’io l’impegno: Allegretto – Var. I-IX

Trio in D major „Ghost Trio“, op.70 no.1 (1808)
Allegro vivace e con brio
Largo assai ed espressivo
Presto

Trio in E-flat major, op.70 no.2 (1808)
Poco sostenuto – Allegro ma non troppo
Allegretto
Allegretto ma non troppo
Finale: Allegro

Trio in B-flat major “Archduke”, op.97 (1810/11)
Allegro moderato
Scherzo: Allegro
Andante cantabile ma però con moto.
Allegro moderato – Presto

10 Variations on “Ich bin der Schneider Kakadu” in G major, op.121a (ca. 1803)
Introduzione: Adagio assai
Thema: Allegretto
Var.I
Var.II
Var.III
Var.IV
Var.V
Var.VI
Var.VII
Var.VIII
Var.IX: Adagio espressivo
Var.X: Presto
Ben-Haim, Paul
1897 – 1984
Variations on a Hebrew Melody – for violin, violoncello and piano (1939)
Adagio misterioso
Thème: Moderato e molto tranquillo
Var.I
Var.II: Allegretto grazioso
Var.III: Alla marcia
Var.IV: Moderato
Var.V: Molto vivace e tempestoso
Var.VI: Molto tranquillo
Boulanger, Lili
1893 – 1918
Deux pièces en trio (1918)

“D’un soir triste” – Lent, grave
“D’un matin de printemps” – Assez animé
Brahms, Johannes
1833 – 1897
Trio no.1 in B major, op.8 (first version 1854)
Allegro con moto
Scherzo: Allegro molto
Adagio non troppo
Finale: Allegro molto agitato

Trio no.1 in B major, op.8 (final version 1889)
Allegro con brio
Scherzo: Allegro molto
Adagio
Allegro

Trio no.2 in C major, op.87 (1883)
Allegro
Andante con moto
Scherzo: Presto
Finale: Allegro giocoso

Trio no.3 in c minor, op.101 (1886)
Allegro energico
Presto non assai
Andante grazioso
Allegro molto
Debussy, Claude
1862 – 1918
Trio in G, L.3 (1880)
Andantino con moto allegro
Scherzo. Intermezzo. Moderato con allegro
Andante espressivo
Finale. Apassionato
Dvořák, Antonín
1841 – 1904
Trio in f minor, op.65 (1883)
I Allegro, ma non troppo
II Allegretto grazioso
III Poco adagio
IV Finale: Allegro con brio

Slavonic Dances op.46 and 72 (1878/1886) (extracts)
1. B major, op.72/1 (arr. Fabio Tognetti)
Odzemek/Molto vivace

2. e minor, op.46/2 (arr. n.n.)
Allegretto scherzando

3. c minor, op.46/7 (arr. Gaston Borch)
Allegro assai

4. e minor, op.72/2 (arr. F. Tognetti)
Allegretto grazioso

5. g minor, op.46/8 (arr. F. Tognetti)
Furiant/Presto
Felder, Alfred
1950*
Song of myself (on ‚Leaves of Grass‘ of Walt Whitman)
Gál, Hans
1890 – 1987
Piano trio in E major, op.18 (1925)
I. Tranquillo ma con moto
II. Allegro violento
III. Adagio mesto – Quasi andante – Allegro ma non troppo
Giger, Jannik
1985*
CAPRICE (2013)
Greif, Olivier
1950 – 2000
Trio for violin, cello and piano, op.353 (1998)
1. De profundis
2. Java
3. Romanze
4. Alla breve
Haydn, Joseph
1732 – 1809
Trio in e minor, Hob. XV:12 (1788/89)
Allegro moderato
Andante
Rondo: Presto

Trio in D major, Hob. XV:24 (published in 1795)
Allegro
Andante
Allegro ma dolce

Trio in G major, Hob. XV:25 (published in 1795)
Andante
Poco Adagio
Finale: Rondo in the Gipsies’ style, Presto

Trio in f-sharp minor, Hob. XV:26 (published in 1795)
Allegro
Adagio
Tempo di Minuet

Trio in C major, Hob. XV:27 (published in 1797)
Allegro
Andante
Presto

Trio in E major, Hob. XV:28 (published in 1797)
Allegro moderato
Allegretto
Finale: Allegro
Hefti, David Philip
1975*
Schattenspie(ge)l (2006)
1. Dalla luce all’ombra
2. Dal chiaro all’oscuro
3. Quasi una passacaglia
4. Scherzare col fuoco

Lichter Hall (2012)
Henze, Hans Werner
1926 – 2012
Kammersonate (1948)
I Allegro assai
II Dolce, con tenerezza
III Lento
IV Allegretto
Epilogo
Ives, Charles
1874 – 1954
Trio (1904/11)
1. Moderato
2. TSIAJ (“This scherzo is a joke”). Presto
3. Moderato con moto
Kirchner, Leon
1919 – 2009
Trio (1954)
I
II
Kreisler, Fritz
1875 – 1962
‘Kleiner Wiener Marsch’ for piano trio
Tempo di marcia
Mansurjan, Tigran
1939*
5 Bagatellen (1985)
1. Largo. Misterioso
2. Moderato
3. Allegro
4. Allegro energico – Largo – Tempo primo
5. Moderato
Martin, Frank
1890 – 1974
Trio on popular irish folk tunes (1925)
Allegro moderato
Adagio
Gigue: Allegro
Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Felix
1809 – 1847
Trio no.1 in d minor (1839)
Molto Allegro agitato
Andante con moto tranquillo
Scherzo: Leggiero e vivace
Finale: Allegro assai appassionato

Trio no.2 in c minor, op.66 (1846)
Allegro energico con fuoco
Andante espressivo
Scherzo: Molto allegro quasi presto
Finale: Allegro appassionato
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
1756 – 1791
Trio in B-flat major, KV 502 (1786)
Allegro
Larghetto
Allegretto

Trio in E major, KV 542 (1788)
Allegro
Andante grazioso
Allegro

Trio in C major, KV 548 (1788)
Allegro
Andante cantabile
Allegro

Trio in G major, KV 564 (1788)
Allegro
Andante (theme with variations)
Allegretto
Pfeiffer, George Jean
1835 – 1908
Trio no.2 in d minor, op.103 (published in 1885)
I. Allegro moderato
II. Scherzo: Presto
III. Largo
IV. Allegro ma non troppo
Piazzolla, Astor
1921 – 1992
Las cuatro estaciones porteñas – The four seasons of Buenos Aires (1964-70)
(arr. José Bragato)
Primavera porteña: Allegro
Verano porteña: Allegro moderato
Otoño porteño: Allegro moderato
Invierno porteño: Lento
Rachmaninov, Sergei
1873 – 1943
Trio élégiaque in g minor (1892)
Ravel, Maurice
1875 – 1937
Piano Trio in a minor (1914)
I. Modéré
II. Pantoum: Assez vif
III. Passacaille: Très large
IV. Final: Animé
Rihm, Wolfgang
1952*
Fremde Szene III (1983/84)
Roslavets, Nikolai
1981 – 1944
Trio no.4 (1927)
I. Moderato con moto
II. Allegro vivace
III. Lento
IV. Allegro risoluto
Schnittke, Alfred
1934 – 1998
Trio (1985/92)
I. Moderato
II. Adagio
Shostakovich, Dmitri
1906 – 1975
Trio no.1 in c minor, op.8 (1923)

Trio No. 2 in E minor, op.67 (1944)
I. Andante
II. Allegro con brio
III. Largo
IV. Allegretto
Schubert, Franz
1797 – 1828
“Sonatensatz” in B-flat major, D 28 (1812)
Allegro

Trio no.1 in B-flat major, op.99/D 898 (1827)
Allegro moderato
Andante un poco mosso
Scherzo: Allegro
Rondo: Allegro vivace

Trio no.2 in E-flat major, op.100/D 929 (1827)
Allegro
Andante con moto
Scherzando: Allegro moderato
Allegro moderato

Adagio E-flat major, op.posth.148/D 897 “Notturno” (1827)
Schumann, Robert
1810 – 1856
Fantasiestücke a minor, op.88 (1842)
I. Romanze: Nicht schnell, mit innigem Ausdruck
II. Humoreske: Lebhaft
III. Duett: Langsam und mit Ausdruck
IV. Finale: Im Marsch-Tempo

Trio no.1 in d minor, op.63 (1847)
I. Mit Energie und Leidenschaft
II. Lebhaft, doch nicht zu rasch
III. Langsam, mit inniger Empfindung
IV. Mit Feuer

Trio no.2 in F major, op.80 (1847)
Sehr lebhaft
Mit innigem Ausdruck
In mäßiger Bewegung
Nicht zu rasch

Trio no.1 in g minor, op.110 (1851)

I Bewegt, doch nicht zu rasch
II Ziemlich langsam
III Rasch
IV Kräftig, mit Humor
Schönberg, Arnold
1874 – 1951
“Verklärte Nacht”, op.4 (1899) (arranged for violin, cello and piano by E.Steuermann)
Richard Dehmel (1863-1920)
Verklärte Nacht
(aus „Weib und Welt“, 1896)

Zwei Menschen gehen durch kahlen, kalten Hain;
Der Mond läuft mit, sie schaun hinein.
Der Mond läuft über hohe Eichen,
kein Wölkchen trübt das Himmelslicht,
in das die schwarzen Zacken reichen.
Die Stimme eines Weibes spricht:

Ich trag ein Kind, und nit von Dir,
ich geh in Sünde neben Dir.
Ich hab mich schwer an mir vergangen.
Ich glaubte nicht mehr an ein Glück,
und hatte doch ein schwer Verlangen
nach Lebensinhalt, nach Mutterglück
und Pflicht; da hab ich mich erfrecht,
da ließ ich schaudernd mein Geschlecht
von einem fremden Mann umfangen,
und hab mich noch dafür gesegnet.
Nun hat das Leben sich gerächt:
Nun bin ich Dir, o Dir begegnet.

Sie geht mit ungelenkem Schritt.
Sie schaut empor; der Mond läuft mit.
Ihr dunkler Blick ertrinkt in Licht.
Die Stimme eines Mannes spricht:

Das Kind, das Du empfangen hast,
sei Deiner Seele keine Last,
o sieh, wie klar das Weltall schimmert!
Es ist ein Glanz um alles her,
Du treibst mit mir auf kaltem Meer,
doch eine eigne Wärme flimmert
von Dir in mich, von mir in Dich.
Die wird das fremde Kind verklären,
Du wirst es mir, von mir gebären;
Du hast den Glanz in mich gebracht,
Du hast mich selbst zum Kind gemacht.

Er faßt sie um die starken Hüften.
Ihr Atem küßt sich in den Lüften.
Zwei Menschen gehen durch hohe, helle Nacht.
Takemitsu, Tōru
1930 – 1996
Between Tides (1993)
Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyitch
1840 – 1893
Trio in a minor, op. 50 (1882)
I. Pezzo elegiaco: Moderato assai – Allegro giusto
II. A. Tema con Variazioni: Andante con moto
B. Variazione Finale e Coda: Allegro risoluto e con fuoco – Andante con moto
Vasks, Pēteris
1946*
Episodi e Canto perpetuo (Hommage à O.Messiaen) (1985)
I. Crescendo
II. Misterioso
III. Unisoni
IV. Burlesca I
V. Monologhi
VI. Burlesca II
VII. Canto perpetuo
VIII. Apogeo e Coda

“In 1985 I wrote my piano trio Episodi e canto perpetuo. It describes a difficult journey through the realms of distress, disappointment and the suffering in love which in particular forms the central point of the canto. Episodio I (crescendo): The even dynamic build-up slowly leads to an atmosphere of tension.
Episodio II (misterioso): A glance at the sleeping earth in a soundless night.
Episodio III (unisoni): A masked dance before the background of a fantastic landscape.
Episodio IV (burlesca I) is based on a vigorous and abrasive theme. The contrasting middle section is bitterly ironic.
Episodio V (monologhi): an attempt to understand and recognize all that has happened.
Episodio IV (burlesca II): The tableaux of Episodio IV returns with heightened intensity and agression, the gloomy climax of the work.
Movement VII (canto): A broadly spanned melody in the violin stands alone, while the climax becomes weak and pallid. The melody is continued by the cello and then by both string instruments in octaves.
Movement VIII (apogeo e coda): The emotional climax of the work. The violin and cello sing in an exposed pitch range, accompanied by spacious piano chords. The intensity lessens consistently, the tone colour becomes increasingly softer, brighter and higher.
The eight movements of this piece should be played without a pause.
Episodi e canto perpetuo is dedicated to Olivier Messiaen in remembrance of this great twentieth century composer.”
Veress, Sándor
1907 – 1992
“Tre quadri” for piano trio (1963)
1. Paysage de Claude Lorrain: Con moto
2. Et in arcadia ego: Quieto
3. Der Bauerntanz: Tempo giusto
Yun, Isang
1917 – 1995
Trio (1972/75)